Wilhelm Wundt

Psychology emerged as a new science towards the end of the 19th century. One of its early pioneers, Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920), helped establish the experimental branch of psychology and secure it as an empirical science. He had studied physiology and philosophy and, during the course of his life as a researcher, prepared the foundations for a «Physiological Psychology». Wundt’s 1874 colour-sphere has eight basic colours around the equator, each assigned to equal-sized segments and changing in steps towards the white or black poles. The colour-cone of 1893 is constructed around only six basic colours which all progress to a black tip. Varying complimentary colours face each other in both systems. (Detailed text)

Date: Between 1874 and 1893, psychologist Wilhelm Wundt introduced two different colour-systems in his lectures.

Country of origin: Germany

Basic colours: Green, blue, purple and yellow; b) Yellow, blue and red

Form: a) Sphere — b) Cone

Related systems: ForsiusNewtonLambertChevreulMaxwellBezoldOstwald

Bibliography: W. Wundt, «Grundzüge der physiologischen Psychologie», Leipzig 1874; W. Wundt, «Vorlesungen über die Menschen- und Thierseele», Leipzig 1893; E. G. Boring, «Sensation and Perception in the History of Experimental Psychology», New York 1942